Written by Bonnie Dickinson
in Presidents of the U.S.A.
on 30 January 2014 à 12:59
Marin Von Buren was born in december 5th 1782 in Kindehook and died in july 24th 1882 in the state of New York.
Van Buren was son of a tavernkeeper and a farmer. He was a very important man for the United State of America. He firstly was the tenth Secretary of State (1829-1831), then the eight Vice President (1833-1837) and finally the eight President of the United State of America (1837-1841).Van Buren has not British or Scot Irish descents : he was Dutch and his first language was also not English but Ducth.
Van Buren started to be in politics since he was 17 years old. He always was a democrat .
When he became president he had to deal with the "Panic of 1837", a financial crisis followed by five years of economic depression. Van Buren advocate lower tariffs and free trade to fix the situation.
In the case of the famous boat Amistad, Van Buren asked to the Spanish government to return the kidnapped slaves.
He voted against the admission of Missouri as a slave state and was nominated to be president of the Free Soil Party , an anti-slavery political party. So, he was clearly an abolitionist.
His entire political life was based on the struggle against economic crisis and slavery. One of his most well-known adversary was John Calhoun, who was candidate for the presidential election and in favor of slavery. About the economic aspect of his political lif, Martin Van Buren thought that the crisis was due to a "recklessness in business and overexpansion of credits". So he fought for the creation of an independent treasury system to deal with the government transactions and he was opposed to the creation of a new Bank of the United State.
Martin Van Buren was finally defeated by the Whigs in 1840 for reelection, and was not elected to be president of the Free Oil Party in 1848.